Portrait of Lisa Gherardini, wife of Francesco del Giocondo that was painted between 1503 and 1506 by Leonardo da Vinci is probably the most famous painting in the world. It is displayed in the Louvre Museum in Paris, attracting millions of visitors from all over the world each year.
Marble statue representing Biblical David was created by Leonardo da Vinci's contemporary and according to many, equally brilliant artist Michelangelo in 1504. Originally placed in the public square in front of Florence's town hall, the statue is today housed in the Accademia Gallery.
One of the most admired artworks in the world impresses with its huge size, brilliant use of light and shadow and the perception of movement that is created by the central characters of the painting - Captain Frans Banning Cocq, his lieutenant Willem van Ruytenburch and their militia guards.
One of Vincent van Gogh's greatest masterpieces attracts thousands of visitors to the Kröller-Müller Museum where it is displayed as well as to the Place du Forum in Arles, France, to see the place that inspired the famous Dutch painter. Today known as Cafe Van Gogh, the coffee-house changed little since 1888 when it was painted.
Painted by Pablo Picasso for the 1937 Paris Exhibition, Guernica shows the suffering of the civilian population during the Spanish Civil War. The painting that was inspired by the German bombing of the Basque village of Guernica was returned to Spain only in 1981 because Picasso conditioned its return with Spain becoming a republic with democratic institutions and public liberties.